Between 2010 and 2018, the rate of deforestation around the world slowed by nearly 30 percent compared to the previous decade, according to a key report released Tuesday by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
However, the Global Forest Resources Assessment Remote Sensing Survey warned that from cattle grazing in South America to the expansion of arable land in Asia The world’s tropical rainforests still face an enormous threat.
“This survey is important, not only for the new numbers it gives us, but also for what it tells us about forest cover trends and the causes of deforestation, also for the crucial ability it gives us to monitor, how things are developing,” said the Deputy Director of the FAO. General, Maria Helena Semedo.
Annual deforestation fell by around 29 percent – from 11 million hectares per year between 2000 and 2010 to 7.8 million hectares from 2010 to 2018, the survey found.
Furthermore, The net loss of forest area has more than halved during the survey period – from 6.8 million hectares annually between 2000 and 2010 to 3.1 million hectares annually between 2010 and 2018.
by region, The highest deforestation between 2000 and 2018 occurred in South America (68 million hectares deforested), followed by Africa (49 million hectares)..
This is despite a slower rate of deforestation in South America and South and Southeast Asia between 2000 and 2018.
“Unsustainable agricultural development and other land uses continue to put severe pressure on our forests, especially in many of the poorest countries‘ Ms. Semedo explained.
Between 2000 and 2018, tropical forest loss accounted for more than 90 percent of global deforestation.
And while that equates to 157 million hectares — roughly the size of Western Europe — annual deforestation in the tropics slowed significantly, from 10.1 million hectares per year between 2000 and 2010 to 7 million hectares per year from 2010-2018.
“There are win-win solutions that we can and must scale up to feed the world without destroying our forests,” the FAO official assured.
The expansion of arable land is the main reason for deforestationresponsible for almost half of global deforestation, followed by cattle grazing at 38.5 percent.
From 2000 to 2018, oil palm cultivation alone accounted for seven percent of global deforestation.
While the survey suggests that the tropical regions of Central America are most threatened by land-use conversion, similar phenomena have been noted in the region’s tropical dry forests and scrublands.
However, due to the small number of samples in these ecoregions, more research is needed to confirm these results.
Knocking solutions in nature
the fifteenth World Forestry Congress (WFC) opened Monday in Seoul, Korea, as well as online.
Opening the event, Ms Semedo said: “No matter what crises we are facing – a pandemic, conflict, climate change – and [their] resulting economic recession and food insecurity, We must view our forests and our natural resources as part of the solution and integrate them into recovery plans and strategies.”
The Collaborative Partnership on Forests (CPF) states that protecting forests helps fight climate change, increase food security, conserve biodiversity and increase efforts to create a world free of poverty.
state of the forests
Under the main topic Building a green, healthy and resilient future with forestsLeaders from FAO, the World Bank, youth and indigenous peoples took part in the discussions
In addition to launching the survey, on Monday FAO presented its flagship report on the state of the world’s forests 2022 as part of the 2020 Forest Resource Assessment.
The report emphasized three mutually reinforcing ways to stop deforestation and conserve forests; restoration of degraded lands and expansion of reforestation; and ensuring sustainable value chains.
Other key insights were the need to enshrine property rights; Create incentives and eliminate false incentives for forest protection; and the urgency to address the conflict between forest conservation and other development needs.